Crassula tetragona (Miniature Pine Tree)
Plant image

Crassula tetragona is a very brittle succulent plant that is popularly named the "Miniature Pine Tree" among ornamental plant enthusiasts, for its popular use as a "pine tree" in Bonsai.

Name & classification

Botanical name:
Crassula tetragona

Common names:
Miniature Pine Tree

Plant family:

Plant categories:
Cacti and Succulents; Non-herbaceous Perennials

Name derivation & history:
'Tetragona' comes from the phyllotaxy of the leaves.

It is popularly named the 'Miniature Pine Tree' among ornamental plant enthusiasts, for its popular use as a 'pine tree' in Bonsai.



Leaf habit:


Up to 1 metre

Plant shape:
A small, erect, multi-stemmed succulent shrub-like plant that is often found in clumps due to the very brittle branches being broken off and rooting around the original plant.

Leaf description:
Crossed pairs of green to dark green leaves.

Flower description:
Terminal inflorescence ending in white flowers in summer.

Flower colour:

Bark or stem description:
The Miniature Pine has woody stems with brown bark.


Natural distribution:
It is widely distributed from the Orange River boundary of Namaqualand to beyond the Kei River in the Eastern Cape.

Water requirements:
Little water required, but does best with plenty of summer water

Frost tolerance:

Light conditions:
Sun; semi-shade

Other Characteristics

Drought resistant
Has non-aggressive roots
Disease resistant
Pest resistant
Suitable for growing in containers
Low maintenance

Edibility & Toxicity

We have no confirmation that any part of this plant is edible
We have no confirmation that any part of this plant is toxic, however we urge caution as this information may be incorrect.


Other information

Uses & Cultural aspects:
These plants are usually used as an ornamental.

It has been to be used as a remedy for diarrhoea when boiled in milk.

The plant is ideally grown in full sun and requires a reasonable amount of water; more water is needed if flower buds are present.

The plant may be propagated from leaves and cuttings.

Pests & diseases:
It does not suffer from many pests, other than the occasional mealy bug.

Your notes & lists

You need to be a registered user in order to create plant lists and notes. If you have already registered, then please log in now, otherwise, register here. It will only take a moment and we won't pass your information on to anyone else.

You can then use this section to create lists of your own plants in your garden, or a list of favourite plants or simply a wish list